The Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) was created during the cold war as an organization of states that sought to remain independent and neutral in the major powers' disputes.
It originated in the year 1955, at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. Many influential leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru were involved with the founding of the organization.
The Non-Alignment Movement was created to identify the virtue, independence, and prestige of small nations. The goal was to not let them become pawns in the struggles of global powers. Alas, as the times change, so do the conditions. India's alliances with the dominating powers in various fields elevated the country's stature but also led to confusion among the NAM’s members regarding the loyalty of India towards the organization. This weakens the effectiveness of the foundation.
Safety and Security:
India has not got many benefits in regards to safety or support during wars. Be it the 1962 war where some countries such as Indonesia took the other sides or in the wars later, there was not much for India to seek from.
The recent standoffs against China over Indo-pacific and the digital war as well going on caused quite at the other hand has caused quite a commotion within the relations between two neighbor countries. Being an observer country in the Non-Alignment Movement, it is quite odd for China and difficult for India for such double-faced behaviors of China.
One of the principles of the foundations of the Non-Alignment Movement was to conclude peace in the world and India has always iterated it via its actions also. Terrorism has always been a major problem for the world and India has seen tough times with it as being the victim of its neighboring country’s support in such heinous ideas. But the attachments and the selfish interests of the Non-Alignment Movement’s members with such countries (Pakistan) and their low-key support towards terrorist actions make it difficult for the NAM organization to sustain the modern interests.
India’s increasing stature and its self-dependency have manifested its potential many times which interested many leading powers to invest in or partner with it. In the immediate term, America has reinforced its relations with India in the wake of seeing India as an uprising power and to counter China's dominance globally at the same time.
But there are other reasons why India will find it difficult to align with either of this era’s global technology superpowers. Given the ever-present reality of our territorial dispute in Kashmir (particularly relevant right now), and long-term cooperation between India and China seems unlikely. While India bears the US no such animosity, it has vociferously objected to the aggressive data practices of many American tech companies that operate in India. India has implemented data localization regulations targeted at US companies and carried out an offensive campaign against Chinese technology companies, as evident by India's recent ban of 59 Chinese apps.
Dominance and Rivalry:
Being a prestigious member of many organizations such as BRICS, SAARC, BIMSTEC. And the fifth largest troop contributor, India's dominance is recognized globally.
The country's economic as well as foreign relations started growing with a full swing from Nehru's era which got boosted by Indira Gandhi's constant endeavors. India's continuous uprising from an underdeveloped and starving country to a global achiever in many fields. India's global initiatives such as the International Solar Alliance and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure further polished its reputation.
The NAM has come a long way started from its foundation with 12 countries to two-third of the UN Council now. It has seen many alliances within the countries have helped to grow each other and revert the efforts also.
In changing times, one would not be wrong to say that NAM somewhat lost its relevance with the changing and evergreen increasing needs of its members. If we see, in the last three decades India has not gained much from this organization. But it would thus be wrong to completely neglect the long-lasting movement like the NAM and the purposes to promote the cause of humanity and the national interest of members it has fulfilled up till now. As said by former Vice President of India M. Venkaiah Naidu “The need of the hour is to call out for NAM’s revitalization for it to be able to cater to the 21st Century needs of Third World countries more”. To set the order of the Third World and to bring harmony within the empowering countries and to support the world’s progress all along, it is needed to work together putting aside one’s differences and self-interest, to make a world a better place.